Cervical-cancer-understanding-its-risk-factors-warning-signs-and-diagnosis – September is Gynecological Cancer Awareness Month, and she wants women at all stages of life to understand the symptoms and precautions they can take.
In 2017, more than 107,000 new cases of gynecological cancer were diagnosed in American women. Of these, 31,600 women have lost their battle with gynecological cancer.
However, most women are unaware of their potential risk of developing gynecological cancer and the symptoms that indicate that cancer is present.
Gynecologic Cancer Awareness: Infographic
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, gynecologic cancer is any cancer that begins in the female genitalia. The five primary gynecological cancers include ovarian, cervical, vulvar, uterine/endometrial, and vaginal, all of which have unique symptoms and risk factors.
“Most people who develop gynecologic cancer have no known risk factors,” said Warner K. Huh, MD, director of the University of Alabama at Birmingham Division of Gynecologic Oncology. “With this type of cancer, the only thing women can control is getting regular checkups and seeking medical advice if something doesn’t feel right with their body.”
Any woman can be at risk of gynecological cancer. The risk increases with age, and cancer is always more likely because of family history or race. Lifestyle choices such as chronic smoking and obesity can affect the risk of gynecological cancer. For example, there is a link between higher rates of uterine/endometrial cancer in obese women.
The main problem in diagnosing gynecological cancer is that there are many signs and symptoms that women experience regularly, whether it is with menstruation or as a side effect of another condition. Additionally, symptoms vary from woman to woman, so it’s hard to say for sure that every woman will experience the same thing.
Cervical Cancer Risk Factors
“Women should look for chronic and unusual frequency of symptoms, even if they are symptoms that don’t seem out of the ordinary,” said Huh, who is also senior medical officer for the cancer service line. Comprehensive Cancer Center. “If they are experiencing symptoms such as persistent bloating, persistent bleeding or persistent pelvic pain, they should be aware of the consistency and duration of these symptoms as they may indicate the need for regular medical check-ups. “
Although each woman’s response may be different, the following signs and symptoms are common signs of any cancer. As Huh points out, it’s important for women to use these symptoms as a guide, ultimately knowing that they’re not alone in knowing for sure that there’s something wrong with these symptoms. is trivial, uncomfortable or intolerable.
Women come in for a variety of tests at their annual OBGYN appointments — tests that could ultimately save their lives if they test positive for cancer. Both the Pap test and the HPV test are routinely performed at an OBGYN visit and are done by swabbing the cells during pelvic exams.
A Pap test — often called a Pap smear — tests for cervical cancer by collecting cells from the cervix. This test can not only detect active cancer cells but also identify changes that may be a risk for future cancer. A Pap test does not detect cervical cancer. Women over age 21 will have a regular Pap test at their annual OBGYN visit, and their doctor may recommend a schedule for Pap tests going forward, such as one every three years.
Cervical Cancer Symptoms
The HPV test is similar to the Pap test in the way it collects cells, but it also tests for other types of cancer and human papillomavirus. The current recommendation is that women age 30 and older get an HPV test in addition to a Pap test at their annual visit.
“We know that, with most disorders, screening is important and early detection can help save a woman’s life,” Huh said. “The biggest takeaway for women is to be aware of their bodies, report any symptoms that seem remotely irregular, and make sure they get regular checkups. Save lives.”
Huh strongly recommends that all women—and men—get the vaccine to protect against cancer caused by the human papillomavirus. Girls and boys aged 9 to 26 years are recommended to take the recommended dose. In women, HPV infection can cause cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancer, so the vaccine provides additional protection in this population.
If you or someone you know is experiencing unusual symptoms, talk to your doctor about what you’re experiencing. Pay attention to your body and know what is normal for you and what is not.
Cervical Cancer Prevention Week
An equal opportunity/affirmative action employer committed to fostering a diverse, equitable and family-friendly environment in which all faculty and staff can achieve work/life balance, regardless of race, nationality, age, medical history Be it genetic or familial. , sexuality, beliefs, gender identity and expression as well as sexual orientation. Also encourages applications from people with disabilities and veterans. Cervical cancer occurs when a tumor grows in the cervix, which is an important part of a woman’s reproductive tract. The uterus is a cylindrical organ that connects the uterus and vagina. It mainly consists of muscle tissue of a fibrous nature.
Although the incidence of cervical cancer is very low worldwide compared to metastatic conditions such as breast cancer and lung cancer, it still affects several million women worldwide each year. Also Read: Breast Cancer: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
The main cause of cervical cancer is the human papillomavirus (HPV), although the exact mechanism by which it causes the spread of cancer cells in the cervix has not yet been determined. This HPV virus is naturally present in the system of many women of all age groups but is in an inactive state. When exposed to some external radiation or harsh environmental factors, it activates the viral vector, resulting in cervical cancer.
Basically, HPV attacks the genetic makeup of healthy DNA and the normal cell proliferation process of tissues in the cervix, resulting in uncontrolled cell division, which eventually leads to the development of large-scale cancers. Is.
Cervical Cancer Awareness Month
This type of cervical cancer arises from columnar glandular cells found in the lining of the cervix. The incidence of adenocarcinoma is very rare.
This type of cervical cancer occurs in squamous cells, which are thin, rough cells found on the outside of the cervix in the vaginal area. Squamous cell carcinomas are very common in the cervix.
Cervical cancer can be prevented by the HPV vaccine, regular cervical, uterine and vaginal examinations, abstinence from tobacco and taking proper precautions before sex.
However, if characteristic symptoms are found in the cervical region, seek immediate medical attention to effectively treat cervical cancer.
Cervical Cancer Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Diagnosis & Prevention
Cervical cancer, in its early stages, does not cause any noticeable symptoms. When it becomes strong and starts metastasizing or spreading to other organs of the body, the affected patient shows the following symptoms:
An oncologist, who is primarily a medical specialist in cancer diagnosis, performs several tests to check for the presence of human papillomavirus in cell and tissue samples taken from an infected person’s cervix.
These tests include Pap smear, HPV DNA test, punch biopsy and cone biopsy. If these tests show early evidence of cervical cancer, the doctor may perform advanced imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs to determine how far the cancer has already spread in the patient’s system. Is.
Treatment for removing cervical cancer depends on the type, stage and severity of the cancer, depending on the advanced procedure.
How Is Ovarian Cancer Diagnosed?
Invasive protocols for removing cancer from the cervix include techniques to remove only the tumor growth, remove the entire uterus (trachelectomy) or remove the uterus and uterus (hysterectomy).
The doctor prescribes powerful drugs that target and kill cancer cells in the patient’s uterus. These drugs can be taken orally or intravenously.
Using high-energy sources such as X-rays or protons, cancer cells in the cervix are specifically targeted and removed, without harming adjacent healthy cells.
Immunotherapy: This method involves taking prescription drugs to strengthen the body’s immune system to effectively fight cancer cells, as advised by a doctor. The uterus is the lower, narrow end of the uterus (the hollow, hollow organ where the fetus can grow). The cervix leads from the uterus to the vagina (birth canal).
Cervical Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Stages, And Treatment
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among South African women, but it is the leading cause of cancer death among women in our country. Women in South Africa have a 1 in 42 risk of cervical cancer (NCR 2019).
An estimated 19.4 million women aged 15 and over are at risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer – the most common cancer affecting women in South Africa. In 2013, women died from breast cancer and genital cancer.
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